App Name: TradingView - stock charts, Forex & Bitcoin ticker Description: Stock charts with real-time market quotes & trading ideas. Traders & Investors. Simple for beginners and effective for technical analysis experts, TradingView has all of the instruments for publication and the viewing of trading ideas. Real-time quotes and charts are available for wherever you are at whatever time. At TradingView, all data is obtained by professional providers who have direct and extensive access to stock quotes, futures, popular indices, Forex, Bitcoin and CFDs. You can effectively track stock market and major global indices such as the NASDAQ Composite, S&P 500 (SPX), NYSE, Dow Jones (DJI), DAX, FTSE 100, NIKKEI 225, etc. You can also learn more about exchange rates, oil prices, mutual funds, bonds, ETFs and other commodities. TradingView is the most active social network for traders and investors. Connect with millions of traders from around the world, learn from the experiences of other investors and discuss trading ideas. Advanced Charts TradingView has excellent charts that surpass even desktop trading platforms in quality — all for free. No compromises. All of the features, settings and tools of our charts will also be available in our app version. Over 10 types of charts for market analysis from different angles. Starting with an elementary chart line and ending with Renko and Kagi charts, which focus heavily on price fluctuations and barely take time into account as a factor. They can be very useful for determining long-term trends and can help you earn money. Choose from a large selection of price analysis tools, including, but not limited to, indicators, strategies, drawing objects (i.e. Gann, Elliot Wave, moving averages) and more. Individual watchlists and alerts You can track major global indices, stocks, currency pairs, bonds, futures, mutual funds, commodities and cryptocurrencies all in real-time. Alerts will help you not to miss the smallest of changes in the market and will allow you to react in time to invest or sell profitably, increasing your overall profit. Flexible settings help you to track the indices you need and also group them in a way that is convenient for you. Syncing your accounts All saved changes, notifications, charts, and technical analysis, which you began on the TradingView platform will be automatically accessible from your mobile device through the app. Real-time data from global exchanges Gain access to data in real-time on more than 100,000 instruments from over 50 exchanges from the United States, Russia, the East, and countries in Asia and Europe, such as: NYSE, LSE, TSE, SSE, HKEx, Euronext, TSX, SZSE, FWB, SIX, ASX, KRX, NASDAQ, JSE, Bolsa de Madrid, TWSE, BM&F/B3, MOEX and many others! Commodity prices In real-time, you can track prices for gold, silver, oil, natural gas, cotton, sugar, wheat, corn, and many other products. Global indices Track major indices of the world stock market in real-time: ■ North and South America: Dow Jones, S&P 500, NYSE, NASDAQ Composite, SmallCap 2000, NASDAQ 100, Merval, Bovespa, RUSSELL 2000, IPC, IPSA; ■ Europe: CAC 40, FTSE MIB, IBEX 35, ATX, BEL 20, DAX, BSE Sofia, PX, РТС, ММВБ (MOEX); ■ Asian-Pacific Ocean Regions: NIKKEI 225, SENSEX, NIFTY, SHANGHAI COMPOSITE, S&P/ASX 200, HANG SENG, KOSPI, KLCI, NZSE 50; ■ Africa: Kenya NSE 20, Semdex, Moroccan All Shares, South Africa 40; and ■ Middle East: EGX 30, Amman SE General, Kuwait Main, TA 25. Cryptocurrency Get the opportunity to compare prices from leading cryptocurrency exchanges, such as HitBTC, Binance, BitBay, Coinbase, Mercado Gemini, Kraken, Huobi, OkCoin, and many others. Get information on prices for: ■ Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin (LTC), Ripple (XRP); ■ Ethereum ( ETH), Ethereum Classic (ETC), IOTA; ■ Dogecoin (DOGE), USD Coin (USDC), Tron (TRX); ■ Stellar (XLM), Tether (USDT), Cardano (ADA); ■ Monero (XMR), ZCash (ZEC), Dash. Playstore Link: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tradingview.tradingviewapp Mod Features: Additional indicators available in pro version of this app
#banknifty#nse#chart#nifty#swingtrading#learntotrade#tradingstrategies#priceaction#investmentresearch#stockmarket#trading#stocks#daytrading#stocktrading#forex#profit#daytradingstrategy nse banknifty intraday trading chart BNF gapped up but there was no further up move. BNF broke IRL/ PDH and fell down. Scalped few trades on the downside. Long Scalp – PDH/IRL CPB entry. No profit/No loss Short Scalp – PDH/IRL SPB entry Short scalp – downtrend continuation CPB. we have also provided #daytradingstrategy in our website : https://niftybank.in/blog/trading-strategy/ You can also follow us on Telegram: https://t.me/niftybankin WhatsApp: 9964618444 Email: [email protected]
What are the easiest / best ways for Forex Trading in India ?
Can I directly connect it to my savings account ? I had posted this on IndiaInvestments, but was told that it was not relevant for the sub. I have tried surfing forex, but that seems too U.S centric. I downloaded a few Forex related android apps to learn and they dont seem to help either. I tried checking my bank's website and app, and they only mention about using Forex for Travel, whereas I am looking purely for investment purpose. Please help me where to start as a beginner.
pickright.in - The Digital marketplace for share market tips
Pickright, stock market advisory company providing best today’s indian stock market recommendations and help the investors by suggesting the tips and strategies regarding the Stock market, share market, intraday stocks tips which helps the individual who is interested in investing in the stock markets. We at pickright.in gives a platform where SEBI registered stock market advisors guide individuals who are interested to invest their money for getting profits through stock markets, equity, mutual funds dividends, etc. We have made a truly trustworthy stage with SEBI certify to examine investigators and speculation guides to support the investors. Pickright Vision - A fin-tech marketplace that connects analysts/advisors and investors for financial advice on any type of tradable digital assets. How Pickrigth helps - Pickright offers a component like Advisory, for its clients. The element offers the speculators a chance to interface with the counselors, for their inquiries in regards to interests continuously. 'The master warning and investigators on this stage will assist speculators with settling on insightful ventures choices.Trading is risky but it will be rewarding if your partner with the right advisors. Our platform will make your trading a breeze by giving you the list of all advisors with rating and ranking. A stock trade encourages stock intermediaries to exchange organization stocks and different protections. A stock may be acquired or auctions just in case it is recorded on an exchange. Along these lines, it is the gathering spot of the stock purchasers and merchants. India's headstock exchanges are the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange. The Stock market is the place speculators interface with the purchase and sell ventures — most usually, stocks, which are portions of possession in an open organization. Before investing in the Stock market one should have a good knowledge of the process and procedure of these stock markets how it works. Before investing, it is always wise to learn the Basics of Stock Market & Share Market Basics. Whether it is Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), National Stock Exchange (NSE), London Stock Exchange (LSE) or New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), trading terms or more or less similar Why Trade In Stock Market. Pickright aSEBI registered stock market advisors Pickright is an AI-based platform to connect investors and SEBI registered advisers for financial advisory services including Equity, Futures, Options, and other financial queries.Pickright helps you to get SEBI registered stock market advisors.Pickright is a SEBI Registered Company that helps investors for Share Market Tips, Intraday Stock Tips, etc. Check out our websites -https://pickright.in/ The two golden rules for all investors are:
WhyTrade In Stock Market • 1. You needn't bother with a great deal of cash to begin profiting, in contrast to purchasing property and paying a month to month contract. • 2. It requires negligible time to exchange - in contrast to building a regular business • 3. It's 'quick' money and takes into consideration brisk liquidation (You can change over it to money effectively, in contrast to selling a property or a business). • 4. It's anything but difficult to figure out how to benefit from the securities exchange. Be that as it may, You have to have your essentials clear. Except if you do… .you will burn through your time and losing cash. You should be completely clear of every single part of Investments, investment opportunities, Stock Trading, Company, Shares, Dividend, and Types of Shares, Debentures, Securities, Mutual Funds, IPO, Futures and Options, What does the Share Market Pickright - is a Digital Marketplace where master looks into experts give suggestions on a wide range of exchanging instruments like Cash, Futures, Options, Forex and Commodities and some more. Buyers are at their will to purchase the administrations of various specialists and take further courses of activities. For more info do visit our websites -https://pickright.in/ We are known as the best Stock Market Advisory Company, Stock Market Investment Advisory Company, Stocks Equity Advisor, the stock market advisory marketplace, stock market advisory, Stock Advisory Company In India, etc. All the queries regarding the share market/stock market are cleared by the experts at pick right and recommend with profit-making strategies. Pickright app - Trusted Stock Market Advisory, BSE NSE Bank Nifty - Pickright also provides an application name as Trusted Stock Market Advisory, BSE NSE Bank Nifty which make investors helpful and handy to keep a track of their investments in the stock market. With Stock Market advisory app- ✔ Check Profits, Score, Accuracy. ✔ Find Certified/Experts Advisors, View their portfolios, rate, exactness, benefit, and so on. ✔ Consumers have the decision of choosing money related counselors carefully. ✔ Investments choices in stocks, records, products, Forex and IPO. ✔ get all the examination and see the live commercial center and work on suggestions, For buyers, one spot to see all the ongoing stock developments. ✔ Available financial instruments like Cash, Futures, Options, Commodities, and Forex. Pickright application gives includes that get you complete cash authority over your speculations. Transform your android based cell phone into a ground-breaking and complete portable exchanging and financial exchange venture warning stage. For more info DownloadFree Stock Advisory appand Register it with FREE -https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=in.pickright.app&hl=en_IN For more info do visit our websites - https://pickright.in/
Ripples Advisory Private Limited An Investment Advisory Company, who provides Technical & Fundamental Research assistance to Intraday Traders, investors and Corporate Firms in NSE & BSE Stocks-Market Tips, F&O, MCX & NCDEX, Global Commodities including bullion, energy, metals, and agro-commodities. We are a team that supports the accumulation of your wealth through different sources. A team that has the market’s best advisors helps you to wade through a difficult phase. we provide intraday as well as delivery stock tips in NSE and BSE and commodity tips in MCX and NCDEX. Ripples Advisory Private Limited is a Central India’s leading Advisory in cash, equity, Commodity, Currency (Forex) & Comex Market, mcx, (NCDEX). We believe in giving each and every client a special treatment by providing online and telephonic assistance during market hours and the performance of our Products and Services are different and unique from those of our rivals. If you are a trader or investor then you are in the right platform and on the right time and the right place. so you don't need to worry about loss because our analyst will solve your problems on an urgent basis and give you a more than 90% accurate services. If you are finding any good advisor for trading then we are here for your help. customer satisfaction and their needs are the main concern of us. You can visit our website www.ripplesadvisory.com for more information about the stock trading tips and other services. stock market tips,mcx tips
We created this website to bring together all the tools and services you’ll need to start trading for real. If you want to start taking advantage of the markets now, without having to become an expert, our free trading signal. Whatever you’re looking for, you’ll find it with us. Here you’ll learn the basic terminology to be a successful Forex trader. To begin learning Forex, you’ll need to have a good grasp on the basic definitions, rules and terms used by professional traders. At first, this can sound daunting but after we spell out the fundamentals, it will become clearer and you’ll be on your way to becoming a Forex trader. We will cover terms, such as; base currency, the quote currency, micro lots, mini lots, standard lots, long position, short position, pips, spread, margin and many more. Someone who is using more than 10% of the whole equity into a trading session is probably not having a good money management strategy. Because you should always trade safe and also because the market may turn back on you and you would find yourself in a big margin problem. With good risk management, having 10% of your account invested can bring consistent returns with no problems.
Profit Rate :
Some traders can’t make 10% per year. Others can safely and consistently make 30% per month and they are not afraid to show their verified performance as a solid proof of what they offer. While taking into consideration a proper risk and money management, you should never aim to make millions in one week with a small account because that would probably mean hitting margin call. Just remember: a good strategy and analysis will always bring profits. And if at the end of the month you have only 1% profit, that means you don’t have -1% loss.
Choosing the Best Forex Broker :
In order to start trading Forex, you will need to find the right online Forex broker for you with the cash rebate program. It’s important to find the right Forex broker for your trading needs according to several important criteria, such as security, customer service, trading platform, transaction costs, live quotes and more. While reading our guide on how to choose the best FOREX BROKERS.
Forex for free :
Most Forex brokers offer many free options, services, tips and information to help you trade better. Real-time charts and news, help guides, and blogs help you understand and learn about the market in real time. There are also many “demo” accounts to try the market before putting in real money.
Why Trade Forex?
The Forex market is fast becoming the most attractive and popular market in the world. The traditional stock is no longer relevant and traders are moving fast into the Forex. We collected here a few reasons to show you why this is happening and what advantages the Forex market has to make is so popular. We choose to focus on a few very important advantages of the Forex trading and the reasons that people choose this market: forex is the largest financial market in the world. The daily volume of the Forex market is huge over $3 trillion per day. This makes the stability of the market very good compared to stock trading. The price in the Forex market is exactly what you see is what you get and you can follow it very easily. Forex trading simplifies everything, there’s no clearing fees, no exchange fees, no government fees, no brokerage fees, no middlemen. The elimination of the middlemen gets the traders closer to the actual trade and makes the traders responsible for their pricing. The brokers are usually paid through a service called “bid-ask spread”. The Forex market is open 24 hours a day. Opening on Monday morning (in Australia) and closing in the afternoon (in New York). This is great for traders that can trade all day long or in parts. You can choose the times that are convenient for your trading, day-night, when you eat or when you sleep, whenever you want. In Forex trading you can minimize the risk by depositing a small amount that will control a larger contract value. This is controlled by leverage and can make you profitable in the Forex market. If a broker gives 50 to 1 leverage it means that with $50 deposit you can buy or sell with $2500. If you put $500, you can trade with $25,000. All this needs to be done with great risk management because high leverage can easily lead to great loss, as well as great profit. The Forex market is huge and therefore also very liquid. This means that on every buys or sell that you make, there will be someone who will take the other side of the trade. You will never be grounded because there’s no one on the other side. To get started you would think that you need a lot of money. The reality is that online Forex brokers have “mini” and “micro” options and some of them have a minimum of only $25. This is great for Forex beginners because it makes the trading starting point easier. I’m not saying that you need to start with the minimum, but being cautious is never bad and starting small is good for the average trader. main trading company
Forex the best trading market :
You can easily predict the movements in the Forex market you have many repetitive patterns and it’s fairly easy to learn, recognize and analyze these movements. The prices tend to go up or down and return to the average. They stay for quite a long time up or down and this stability makes the Forex market a much easier market to follow. This gives the traders a huge advantage in controlling their trades much better than the disorder.
Risk Warning :
We always suggest our clients to carefully consider their investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. try to money management with every trade. Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. FOREX IN WORLD takes no responsibility for loss incurred as a result of our trading signals. Before deciding to trade foreign exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience and risk appetite. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss of some or all of your initial investment and therefore you should not invest money that you cannot afford to lose. You should be aware of all the risks associated with foreign exchange trading and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if you have any doubts. FOREX TRADING IN INDIA: Forex means currency pair trading. Indian citizens can trade only currencies that have a pairing with INR. It is legal to trade with Indian Brokers providing access to Indian Exchanges(NSE, BSE, MCX-SX) providing access to Currency Derivatives. Since 2008, RBI and SEBI have permitted trading in currency derivatives. The currency pairs available for trading are USD-INR, EUR-INR, JPY-INR and GBP-INR.
Forex trade India defined as trading in foreign currency. Investors invest to take advantage of currency trading in the short and medium term. Indian exchanges like NSE, BSE, MCX-SX trade forex and forex trade India is legal, only if it is through registered Indian forex brokers. The main currency pairs are EURINR, USDINR, JPYINR and GBPINR. You can also trade with the help of brokers but they should have membership in mentioned exchanges.
How Does Forex Trading from India Work?
Forex trading is the same as equity trading. In forex trading exchange rate matters but in equity trading rate of shares matters. Further, investors can buy or sell their currency pair as per movement in currencies.
Some Examples To Understand Forex Trade India clearly:
Let’s take the dollar if you want to take the benefit of the growing dollar. You have to buy USDINR contract on the exchange at the present price. If the price of dollar increases then you can sell it to take the profit but if you sell it in decreased value then you lose some of your invested money.
An investor can square off their position whenever they want during the period of the contract. By selling currency future contract investor can short close their position.
The investor can take a similarly short and long position in EURINR, JYPINR or GBPINR.
Foreign currency trading is done with registered Indian brokers. The most common exchanges are the NSE (National Stock Exchange) and MCX-SX (Multi-Commodity Exchange). COMEX is used as regulators at the international level exchange. RBI and SEBI regulate currency market.
Some of the best Forex brokers:
SBI FX Trade
Risk In Forex Trading
Forex trade in India may not suit everyone and carries a high-level risk. Before investing in forex trading you should know your risk-carrying capacity, investment objectives and level of experience. If you are interested in forex trading then you should take advice from a financial advisor.
How Are Currency Prices Determined?
Various political and economic conditions are responsible for the change in currency prices. But, apart from these, international trade, interest rates, political stability and inflation are also responsible for currency prices. Many times governments also participate in the foreign exchange market to affect the value of their currency. They do this by lower or raise the price of their domestic market. These factors are highly responsible for currency prices. Must Read:SMALL FINANCE BANK IN INDIA Therefore if you know your objectives then you can make money by forex trade in India. Some examples of hard currencies are – the Euro, the US Dollar, the Japanese Yen, and the Pound. The central bank of the country like Federal Reserve Bank of US, Reserve Bank of India etc. issues the currency for every country. Some investors have a myth that only the US dollar in the base currency in currency trading. But it is not necessary you can use any currency as the base currency. So the investors who are looking for forex trade India should know their aims and then only invest in this.
For Intraday traders and equit services calls by Ripples Advisory Private limited
Ripples Advisory Private Limited established in 2015 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh. Ripples advisory is a SEBI registered central Indian lending advisory An Investment Advisory Company, Which Provides of Equity Services. If you want a great advisory firm for stock market tips that you are at the right place because we are providing commodity tips, currency tips, stock market tips, stock future tips, NSE, BSE, MCX tips, NCDEX tips, (FOREX), (COMEX), etc. We will provide stock market tips with high accuracy based on fundamental and technical skills. we will provide you tips with the 95% accuracy and you will get satisfied with our services. we will make sure you that your investment will go on the right way and it will come back with the double return in investment. customer satisfaction and their needs are the main concern of us. we are a financial advisor so that you can easily trust on us firstly we are satisfying you from our services with the help of our free trials advisors then you will decide that you want to work with us or not. so you can take a free trial for experiencing our services just go through our website and take a free trial: -www.ripplesadvisory.com and contact us at 9644405057 https://preview.redd.it/y2i0lvonl9431.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=9ea0f94571b0fa08f3355ccf936dd23f9b9e89fb
Trading tips in the stock market with the best advisory of India by Ripples Advisory Private Limited
If you are a trader or investor and if you finding the right way for investment so that you can earn lots of profit instead of your investment. then the stock market is the right place for you. and we are providing stock market tips, stock future tips, intraday trading tips, NSE, BSE, commodity market, currency market, (COMEX), (FOREX), etc. we are helping you and provide you the best advisory services and our analyst used high technical fundamentals so that you will get full of satisfaction. our services are more than 90% accurate. for experiencing our services you can take 2 days free trial here http://ripplesadvisory.com and contact us-9644440505 #stock market tips, #mcx tips
India's Best stock market investment services are provided by Ripples Advisory Private limited
Ripples Advisory Private Limited, a trusted name in the financial services stage, provides you with the entire catalog of financial advisory services under one ceiling. Our organization is one of the few organizations which providing research and information about Indian capital markets based on Technical. Analysis and enjoys a strong reputation amongst investors, brokers, and researchers. Our team is highly skilled with experienced analysis. Our efforts are to provide you more & more profit in every trade. Our research is based around these services: stock market, currency tips, commodity tips, NCDEX & MCX.and our. Our entire consists of professionals and astronomically competent to find and hit the opportunities in the colonnade with full accuracy. we are providing commodity tips, currency tips, stock market tips, stock future tips, NSE, BSE, MCX tips, NCDEX tips, (FOREX), (COMEX), etc. We are providing our clients with the best possible services in the field of stock and commodity market. We give all sort of best possible training to our business development executives like soft skills, knowledge related to market, market analysis and how to build customer relationship and sustain it for a long time. Research house is a company where we have the best research team for each segment of the market. For more information:-www.ripplesadvisory.com and contact us at 9644405057 https://preview.redd.it/47zine8xig531.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=31c5e9fffcaa75e11c98a263e725e043282be3e8
Indian stock market advisory by SEBI registered Ripples Advisory Private limited
Ripples private advisory firm offers advice on monetary reforms, mergers and accession, premeditated advice and debt advice. These services are offered to individuals as well as organizations whether big or small so that they are able to contract with the fast stride variations that take in the business atmosphere and stay forward of the competition. Ripples advisory firm is that firm which you can easily trust with your closed eyes. It is a leading advisory firm and contributes to enter in the amphitheater of the trade working on the strategy of Increasing gains-minimize the losses. Our entire consists of professionals and astronomically competent to find and hit the opportunities in the colonnade with full accuracy. we are providing commodity tips, currency tips, stock market tips, stock future tips, NSE, BSE, MCX tips, NCDEX tips, (FOREX), (COMEX), etc. we distribute Live Tips via High-Speed SMS Gateway, which ensures the instant delivery of message without any loss of time so, the clients get adequate time to enter the trade and fetch the profit. for experiencing our services just go through our website and take 2 days free trials: -www.ripplesadvisory.com and contact us at 9644405057 stock market tips, mcx tips
Best Trading tips in stock market services by Ripples Advisory Private Limited
Every trader wants to find the best stock market services so that they will get benefited more than their investment. stock market investment is the best way to save you money and get profited instead of your investment. We are providing stock market services, stock future tips, intraday trading tips, NSE, BSE, commodity market, currency market, (COMEX), (FOREX), the, etc. Our team has highly qualified analysts, skilled and immaculate in their analysis. These analysts, using their experience and latest software tools and are able to predict the movements in Stocks and Commodity Market on time. for experiencing our services take 2 days free trial from our website:-www.ripplesadvisory.com and contact us at 9644405057 https://preview.redd.it/glsqog6diw031.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=7eee86e7e0896d4dc7203a1ae2e23727f3b8f5f3
NSE Circulars. Search important circulars relating to Currency Derivatives, updated at regular intervals. Learn more » ... Best Buy Sell Signal Software for MCX, NSE, NCDEX and FOREX with 100% accurate real time data in Metatrader 4 for Indian Stock, Commodity & Currency markets. Trend Finder is one of the well known buy sell signal software in India NSE (NIFTY), MCX Commodities and FOREX Currency Pairs Currency derivatives are financial contracts between the buyer and seller involving the exchange of two currencies, suitable for those interested in reducing their foreign exchange rate risk. Learn more about Currency Derivatives, visit NSE India. Indices & Other trading Stats; NSE ALL SHARE INDEX : 140.37: NSE 20 SHARE INDEX : 1,847.63: NSE 25 SHARE INDEX NSE Currency Futures. Buy Sell Trading Signals Available for NSE Currency Futures i.e. USD-INR, EUR-INR, GPB-INR, JPY-INR for Current Month. Forex. All International Forex pairs can be traded using Candle Chart Technical and Automatic buy sell signals and stock and Forex market data analysis software.
MCX, NSE FOREX Profit, வழக்கமான லாபம் பெறுவது எப்படி Features of WinTrader V8.1 & Scanner 1.2
How to Trade in Currency Derivatives for Beginners NSE & MCX Part 2 - Duration: 10:15. Mann Singh 12,460 views. 10:15. 95% Winning Forex Trading Formula ... This videos discusses FOREX TRADING IN INDIA MALAYALAM NSE CURRENCY TRADING IN INDIA Forex or nse currency trading for beginners. Forex trading strategies wi... www.mcxguru.co.in multi commodity exchange (business operation), auto trading, options, what is share market, mcx, manual button trade, mt4 robot for nse, bu... Nse Intraday Trading Strategy - Opening Hour Strategy For Consistent Profits Nse Intraday Trading Strategy - Opening Hour Strategy For Consistent Profits howto, profit, nse, intraday, nifty, trick ... Share market Training part - 3 - Technical analysis for MCX Commodity , NSE & Forex. In this video we have started to do technical analysis this is very useful for intraday trading. Disclaimer ...